PED - General Information

Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) is a disease that appeared in the US for the first time in April 2013. In January 2014, Ontario declared a first case of PED in Canada. In February 2014, Manitoba, Prince Edward Island and Quebec reported their first cases of PED. Transmission of the PED virus from Ontario and the United States to Quebec remains a significant threat to the productivity of Quebec's swine industry.

clinical signs
  • Nursing piglets (not weaned): acute diarrhea with vomiting experienced by the majority. Mortality varies from 50 to 100%.
  • Nursery piglets or finisher pigs: anorexia, acute watery diarrhea or soft feces in most and some vomiting. Mortality varies from 1 to 5%.
  • Adult pigs (sows and boars): anorexia and apathy, acute diarrhea or soft feces in the majority and some vomiting. Mortality rate of less than 1%.
disease Transmission
  • Through direct contact with infected pigs
  • Through indirect contact:
  • loading / unloading bays;
  • live hog transport vehicles, and pig handling and trailer cleaning equipment;
  • visitors (clothing and footwear).
Surveillance and reporting
  • If you notice one or more clinical signs of PED, notify your veterinarian immediately to obtain a diagnosis. We urge you to report any positive case to the EQSP (Quebec's swine health task team) at 1 866-363-2433. This group will then coordinate a consulting team to help you to implement the appropriate disease control measures, and in this way limit the impact on your business and the Quebec swine industry.
    • Action plan for PED and SDCV control on contaminated sites - video ( 7:55)
  • Various Quebec laboratories offer the testing service to identify the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus and Deltacoronavirus from different samples: Biovet, Demeter Services Vétérinaires, Faculté de médecine vétérinaire de l’Université de Montréal, MAPAQ, etc.